24시출장샵
  • 성주김해 안마방
  • 창원출장샵
  • 창원출장샵
  • 양양미금 안마방
  • 성주출장맛사지☝출장부르는법✉성주모텔 티켓《성주카메라 마사지》♭『성주마사지 태국어』モ성주게이 안마방¤성주명동 마사지☈성주안마방 sexκ성주출장업소◕성주청량리 안마방

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    바카라사이트
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    성주출장맛사지♡예약●성주모텔 티켓《성주공항신도시 마사지》╡『성주대딸방』┼성주마사지 3만원↕성주안마방 용어♩성주고환 마사지♮성주안마방 무료야동↕성주모텔 걸

    The governments of more than 190 nations 광명안마방 콘돔 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    성주출장맛사지◘출장부르는법⇁성주모텔 티켓《성주구미 봉곡동 마사지》シ『성주안마방 노출』╫성주강릉 타이 마사지⇚성주역삼 안마방✍성주광진구 안마방╛성주이천 안마방☼성주시흥 마사지

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    성주출장맛사지☞예약금없는출장샵•성주모텔 티켓《성주콜걸》1『성주사상 마사지』☋성주안마방 가격┙성주인계동 안마방 후기┢성주마사지 마무리⇙성주마산 마사지▶성주여성전용 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 카지노사이트 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    성주출장맛사지─예약금없는출장샵⇥성주모텔 티켓《성주타이 마사지 후기》↕『성주전립선 마사지 썰』◇성주마사지 효과♐성주강릉 모텔 추천↮성주호치민 안마방♜성주남자 전립선 마사지ⓔ성주포승읍 안마방

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 아산마사지 포르노 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    성주출장맛사지♦예약금없는출장샵⇢성주모텔 티켓《성주두피 마사지》♪ 『성주마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ』ψ성주산본 마사지▬성주19 마사지▣성주역삼 안마방カ성주24시간 마사지♘성주상록수역 안마방

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 카지노사이트 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    성주출장맛사지성주마사지 성추행

  • 함평일본 오일 마사지
  • 성주세종 마사지
  • 성주출장맛사지
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    성주출장맛사지◙24시출장샵♦성주모텔 티켓《성주청소년 안마방》☈『성주검단 마사지』ヘ성주소프 마사지▶성주다방 티켓 썰㊣성주서울 조건 만남ⓥ성주구리 마사지♛성주찌라시 썰

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 광양강동 마사지 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 군산출장샵 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    카지노사이트
    함양아마 시안 카지노사이트 문경동네 안마방
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, lemondeacademy.xyz – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    성주출장맛사지♦24시출장샵♔성주모텔 티켓《성주여성 전신 마사지》♀『성주안마방 움짤』χ성주엄태웅 안마방√성주천호 안마방┱성주연수구 안마방☠성주구로디지털단지 안마방▣성주이천 안마방

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 양양오야넷 마사지 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    성주출장맛사지↕예약➽성주모텔 티켓《성주마산 마사지》☋『성주안마방 대전』┌성주하당 마사지☜성주용인 수지 마사지⇖성주안마방 텀블⇣성주창원 안마방 후기ヨ성주창동 마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the webdesigners.xyz .

    군산공주 안마방
    해남영일대 마사지 군산출장안마 제천안양 마사지
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    성주출장맛사지═예약금없는출장샵↩성주모텔 티켓《성주영일대 마사지》♘『성주대전 여관』╔성주안마방 보빨➷성주신천 모텔 가격☻성주안마방 아영이♮성주호치민 마사지╙성주천호 안마방

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 부산출장안마 .

    성주출장맛사지┽출장부르는법█성주모텔 티켓《성주출장마사지 후기》☀『성주호텔 걸』┮성주마사지 토렌»성주중국 마사지↘성주씨엠립 마사지┆성주심천 마사지♜성주젖몸살 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 천안출장안마 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 영암삼성역 마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    성주출장맛사지↧예약금없는출장샵┝성주모텔 티켓《성주신림동 안마방》╇『성주출장업소』┲성주마사지 태국어◑성주마사지 기획물큐성주마사지 야동♐성주진영 안마방☷성주용원 마사지

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    성주출장맛사지♪예약금없는출장샵✕성주모텔 티켓《성주마사지 홈런》✙『성주나고야 여성전용 마사지』○성주자지 마사지♥성주부산 출장 서비스↯성주편두통 마사지⇚성주출장안마 후기♤성주종로 마사지

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 양양호텔 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 창원출장샵 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 창원출장샵 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 전라남도일산 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that loveganghwa.xyz . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    성주출장맛사지➽출장부르는법▨성주모텔 티켓《성주군포 안마방》✖『성주호이안 마사지』☵성주산본 마사지←성주광주 안마방☟성주용산 마사지▦성주봉천 안마방✐성주로드샵 단속

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 전주출장안마 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 카지노사이트 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 대구출장안마 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    성주출장맛사지➷예약⇄성주모텔 티켓《성주안마방 창업》╢『성주대천 안마방』╘성주얼굴 경락 마사지♧성주고딩 마사지➠성주영통 마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ↼성주밀양 안마방↾성주안마방 대화

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    평택조치원 마사지
    제주출장안마 이천야 동 마사지 카지노사이트
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    성주출장맛사지ο예약♞성주모텔 티켓《성주마사지 커뮤니티》↘『성주출장업소』ε성주안마방 에이즈┝성주천안 출장 만남-성주여의도 마사지╤성주조치원 마사지カ성주은평구 마사지

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.성주출장맛사지성주안마방 콘돔η성주방콕 마사지 가격♣『성주콧대 마사지 효과』성주천안 출장 마사지○성주안마방 오랄☇성주구래동 마사지¤성주퇴폐キ군산출장안마예약성주러시아 밤문화﹄성주아로마 마사지 부작용┇〈성주안양 안마방 후기〉성주강남 안마방 서비스↟성주상남동 마사지⇩성주어깨 결림 마사지╜성주찌라시 썰┥성주출장맛사지양양거제 마사지성주해피 출장∴성주석계 안마방●﹝성주광명 안마방﹞성주손목 마사지❀성주양산 마사지◐성주산호동 마사지┩성주여성 전용 마사지☻성주비 안마방♨성주안마방 퇴폐➨【성주피파 안마방】성주춘천 모텔 가격✌성주안마방 첫경험➹성주안마방 할머니♣성주부산 안마방 추천♣성주타이 출장 마사지╕성주안마방 중독↽﹛성주동해 안마방﹜성주안마방 수면실⇞성주중국 마사지 가격φ성주y존 마사지↚성주동대구 마사지◀성주병점 안마방①성주태백 마사지┃「성주병점 안마방」성주위례 마사지╛성주강서구 마사지┡성주성대역 안마방➳성주진주 마사지◥예약금없는출장샵김포마사지 카드 단속예약금없는출장샵성주아로마 마사지 효능►성주건전한 마사지✄[성주모텔 찌라시]성주마사지 포르노☼성주성남 안마방➥성주출장소이스→성주강북 안마방タ성주출장맛사지성주출장맛사지카지노사이트.xyz성주게이 마사지성주왕십리 마사지성주트랜스젠더 안마방성주코코넛 오일 두피 마사지성주출장맛사지성주가평 안마방┰성주하단 마사지┑〈성주출장걸〉성주서울 출장 마사지☈성주광주 안마방❄성주마사지 구분▧성주두정동 안마방✆원주출장샵콜걸

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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